Introduction to the physical and chemical principles governing the lives of animals with an emphasis on understanding the physiological problems animals face, how those problems vary in relation to animals' environments, and the processes by which animals solve their problems. Topics include thermal biology, water regulation, gas exchange, transport, and energetics. The laboratory focuses on independent investigation.
Successful completion of BIO 111/113 and 112/114 are required. One laboratory meeting per week. Satisfies Group B.